Contact Details
Link To Video
Link to Websites
Formative Assessment

Mobile (m-learning) is shaping and being shaped by the way we live, work and learn. Today's mobile devices are no longer 'talking and texting' tools but powerful personal computing devices that have access to large sources of information anytime, anyplace (Bonk, 2009). These personalised hand held devices enable not just communication but personalisation, collaboration, sharing content, creativity and innovation. QR codes and m-learning work hand-in-hand to enhance teaching and learning by providing and interactive learning platform that provides immediate access to online textual, visual and auditory materials. QR Codes are a way of providing today's generation with immediate access to information removing the barriers of sharing, locating and access online materials.

What are QR Codes?

QR (Quick Reader) codes are 2D matrix codes that were developed by Denso Wave Incorporated in 1994 (Denso, 2000). QR codes work in a similar way to bar codes in that they provide the user with information when scanned by a device that is equipped with software to read the code. Where barcodes provide information related to a product, QR codes have the additional benefit of being able to direct the recipient to predefined messages, information, websites, audio files, visual files and surveys that are situated on a website.
QR codes are compatible with a large variety of mobile devices as listed on i-nigma's website.

Why use QR Codes?

QR codes can be used in education to provide an inclusive environment through supporting or extending learning and linking to visual and auditory materials that address a learner’s specific learning style. They can also be used to provide ‘just in time’ information to students and a means of gathering formative feedback from students. QR codes allow students to use their personal handheld devices to engage and interact with learning through linking to additional resources, activities or quesitons rather than taking the traditional linear route. First year students, on the Batchelor of Education (Primary) Programme, were introduced to QR Codes during Welcome Week to develop a mental map of key locations around campus through engaging in a QR Code Hunt Around Campus. Further information and students’ comments can be accessed at - http://bit.ly/b4cSdZ.

Ten reasons for using QR Codes with students in Higher Education was collated from students' ideas and placed into Wordle.

Wordle: QR Codes

Top Ten Reasons:
  1. Inclusive learning that meets the needs of all learners by extending or supporting learning;
  2. Links to podcasts to provided auditory learning materials;
  3. Links to videos to provided visual learning materials;
  4. Links to external resources - readings, journals or websites;
  5. Instructions how to undertake a task that can be text, auditory or visual;
  6. Formative assessment method where students are directed to an Forum to provide feedback;
  7. Formative assessment of students' learning by linking to an online questionnaire;
  8. Links to group activities;
  9. Links to 'just in time' learning;
  10. Engaging with outdoor learning.

Further information about using QR Codes with first year students to develop a mental map of key places around campus can be found on my blog - QR Fresher Hunt Around Campus.
Various ways to implement QR Codes into learning -
eTwinning QR Codes
Group 1 -
Group 2 -
Group 3 -
Group 4 -

How To Create QR Codes

The following provides a quick start guide to creating QR Codes:

  1. Go to the website Sparqcode.
  2. To create a link to a website select the RAW link rather than the URL link (the reason is that the raw link provides the name of the website rather than a short code when using the URL link).
  3. Enter the URL of the target website into the Manual Input black box and the QR Code will be generated to the right of the screen.
  4. Place a 'Heading' and 'Subheading' if you wish additional text to appear on screen in boxes below Manual Input box.
  5. The Advanced Optionslink allows you to change the colour of the QR code.
  6. Select the Downloadlink if you wish to save code to your storage area or right click and copy image to place in a document.
  7. The RAW option should be used if you wish to provide a simple message within the limited characters available.

Further Information

To find out more about QR Codes in Education please contact me (s . a . tonner @ dundee . ac . uk).
Additional information can be accessed at delicious/satonner/qr_code.